Namibia is located on the south western coast of Africa bordering the Atlantic Ocean to the west (1500 km coastline), South Africa to the south, Botswana to the east, Angola to the north and Zambia to the north east. The name Namibia is derived from the oldest desert in the world, the Namib Desert.
The country covers 824 268 square kilometres divided into fourteen (14) Regions namely Erongo, Hardap, Karas, Kavango East, Kavango West, Khomas, Kunene, Ohangwena, Omaheke, Omusati, Oshana, Oshikoto, Otjozondjuba and the Zambezi Region.
Namibia is the second least densely populated country in the world after Mongolia with 2.6 people per square kilometre. Languages spoken include Afrikaans, English, German, Herero, Khoekhoegowab, Lozi, Oshiwambo, Rukwangali, San and Tswana.
History of Namibia
Namibia was annexed by Germany in 1884 and remained its colony until 1915. In 1920 South Africa was granted authority by the League of Nations to administer Namibia and the country was considered the fifth province of South Africa, previously referred to as South West Africa.
Namibia gained independence from the South African apartheid regime on 21 March 1990 and is a multi-party democratic state that hold presidential and local government elections every 5 years, led by a President elected for two five-year terms. Government is divided in three tiers namely the executive, legislative and judiciary. Namibia for the first time has appointed a Deputy President and Deputy Prime Minister in 2015 and is the first country in the world to appoint a female Prime Minister.
The National Flag of Namibia
The National Flag is a symbol of Namibia’s struggle for national unity. It symbolises peace, unity and a common loyalty to Namibia.
- The Sun symbolises life and energy. The colour gold represents warmth and the colour of our plains and the Namib Desert.
- Blue symbolises the Namibian sky, the Atlantic Ocean, our marine resources and the importance of rain and water.
- Red represents the Namibian people, their heroism and their determination to build a future of equal opportunity for all.
- White refers to peace and unity.
- Green symbolises Namibia’s vegetation and agricultural resources.
The Namibian Government is divided into three organs namely, Executive, Legislative and Judiciary. The legislative branch is responsible for making laws which are implemented by the executive and interpreted by the judiciary branch.
Acts of Parliament
Namibia Coat of Arms
Long- term National Development Plan – Vision 2030
Current Five-year Medium Term NDP – NDP 4
View Nambia’s Fourth National Development Plan here…
The economic sectors that contribute to the Gross Domestic Product of Namibia are categorized under Primary, Secondary and Tertiary as per the National Accounts of the country.
Visit www.nsa.org.na and www.bon.com.na for macroeconomic information and updates.
- GDP N$ 174 billion (2018, MOF)
- GDP Growth 1.4 – 2.1% (2018/19, BON)
- Inflation 5.5% ( 2018, BON)
- Unemployment 34% ( 2018, BON)
- Prime rate 10.5%
- Repo rate 6.75%
- Unemployment 34% (2018, MOF)
Road Namibia has a well-established road infrastructure. The road network covers an approximate 44,500 km consisting of tarred, high quality gravel and salt roads.
Sea There are two ports in the country, Walvis Bay Port and Luderitz Port. The Walvis Bay Port is the largest and strategic alternative port serving land-linked countries such as Zambia, DRC and Botswana. The port is also increasingly used for cargo destined for Angola and South Africa due to its non-congested and efficient service. For more information visit: www.namport.com.na.
Four main corridors services the port of Walvis Bay namely: Trans Cunene to Angola, Trans Caprivi to Zambia, Zimbabwe and DRC, Trans Kalahari to Botswana and central South Africa and Trans Orange to northern and south western South Africa. The Walvis Bay Corridor Group (WBCG) is a vibrant Public Private Partnership body responsible for increasing freight and promoting investment projects on all corridors. The institution has representation in Johannesburg, South Africa as well as in Zambia, DRC and Brazil. For more information visit: www.wbcg.com.na
Air Namibia has direct flights to major cities in Sub-Saharan Africa such as Cape Town & Johannesburg (South Africa), Gaborone (Botswana), Harare (Zimbabwe) and International flights to Frankfurt (Germany). There are daily flights between Namibian and South Africa operated by Air Namibia, South African Airways and British Airways. For updated flight schedules and routes visit: www.airnamibia.com
Rail A northern branch line connects Omaruru, Otjiwarongo, Otavi, Tsumeb and Grootfontein. In the far north, Tsumeb is connected to Oshikango situated at the Namibian/Angolan border and Windhoek is connected to Gobabis, on route to the Namibia/Botswana border. For more information on rail infrastructure visit www.transnamib.com.na
Telecommunication Telecom Namibia Ltd is Namibia’s national communications operator. Namibia boasts a 98% digital telecommunications infrastructure. Namibia operates on LGE 4G network.
Cellular Namibia’s cellular network service providers are MTC, operational since 1995 and TN Mobile.
For more information visit www.telecom.na
NamPower is Namibia's national power utility, assisted by Regional Electricity Distributors (REDs). Currently functioning REDs are CENORED and NORED, which service the central-northern and far northern areas, and Erongo RED, which services the Erongo Region in the west. Premier Electric is another electricity distribution entity in Namibia. The Electricity Control Board is the industry regulator. Kindly visit the Nampower website www.nampower.com.na and the Electricity Control Board website www.ecb.org.na
Electric Current 220 VAC 50 Hz
Measures Metric system
Country Name: Republic of Namibia
Capital City: Windhoek
Land Size: 824 269 km²
President: H. E. Dr. Hage Geingob
National Day: 21st March
- National Symbols:
Official Language: English
Population: 2.3 million
Currency: Namibian Dollar (N$)
Time Zone: UTC+01:00
GMT +2 (September – March)
GMT +1 (April – August)
Dialling Code: +264
Regions of Namibia
As of August 2013, Namibia has 14 Regions with the split of the Kavango Region into Kavango East and Kavango West Regions.
- Kavango East
- Kavango West